Bijural Terminology Records

Common Law

attorney

Civil Law

mandatary

Title of the Legislative Text

Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. C-44.

Provision

2. (1) ...
"personal representative" means a person who stands in place of and represents another person including, but not limited to, a trustee, an executor, an administrator, a receiver, an agent, a liquidator of a succession, a guardian, a tutor, a curator, a mandatary or an attorney;

Problem

In common law, the term "attorney" refers to someone who acts on another person's behalf in accordance with the powers conferred by a document known as a "power of attorney/procuration". The civil law equivalent of an attorney is a mandatary, a concept already found in the definition "personal representative".

The equivalent of the term "attorney", namely "fondé de pouvoir", is absent from the French version and must be added to it for common law in French.

Solution

In the French version, "fondé de pouvoir" is added.

Harmonized Provision

(Amendment to the French version only)

2. (1) ...
« représentant personnel » Personne agissant en lieu et place d'une autre, notamment le fiduciaire, l'exécuteur testamentaire, l'administrateur successoral, le liquidateur de succession, l'administrateur du bien d'autrui, le tuteur, le curateur, le séquestre, le mandataire et le fondé de pouvoir.

Federal Law-Civil Law Harmonization Act, No. 3, S.C. 2011, c. 21, s. 13(1).

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