Bijural Terminology Records

Common Law

executed

Civil Law

signed

Title of the Legislative Text

Canada Business Corporations Act, R.S.C., 1985, c. C-44.

Provision

23. ...
(2) A document executed on behalf of a corporation is not invalid merely because a corporate seal is not affixed to it.

Problem

Only common law terminology ("executed") is used in the English version.

The term "signé" is appropriate for both civil law and common law in French.

Solution

In the English version, "or, in Quebec, signed" is added.

Harmonized Provision

(Amendment to the English version only)

23. ...
(2) A document executed or, in Quebec, signed on behalf of a corporation is not invalid merely because a corporate seal is not affixed to it.

Federal Law-Civil Law Harmonization Act, No. 3, S.C. 2011, c. 21, s. 18.

Date modified: