The Effects of Divorce on Children : A Selected Literature Review

3. FACTORS AFFECTING CHILDREN’S POSTDIVORCE ADJUSTMENT (cont'd)

3.4 Summary

The above discussion demonstrates that there are many factors besides parental divorce which have an impact on children’s adjustment. However, the relation between these variables and outcome is very complex and, in many cases, not well defined or understood. What does appear to be increasingly evident is that family processes that exist during marriage have a critical impact on children’s psychological adjustment and that information about the child’s pre- divorce family has to be integrated with information about the divorce process and post-divorce factors to better advance our understanding. Grych and Fincham (1992) argue that comparisons between groups of children from divorced and intact families are less illuminating than investigations of variables that may mediate post-divorce adaptation. Therefore, they suggest that the focus of divorce research has shifted from examining structure (i.e., divorced versus intact families) to studying the process.

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