The project is based on the premise that an effective response to domestic violence in immigrant communities requires a comprehensive understanding of immigrant family vulnerabilities, their migratory experiences and cultural perspectives of threat and risks. The focus of the project will be on the establishment of linkages within the London Ontario area between key community members and immigrant and refugee families who come from conflict zones to study how culture and migration impact the individual and their relationships within the family and larger community and develop ways to identify risk factors associated with domestic violence including trauma related reactions. The objective is to utilize the risk factor information to develop a culturally relevant manual directed to mainstream Canadian social and justice service providers to improve their capacity to respond to the varied needs of families from conflict zones. The manual will include a Checklist Sheet to understand the threat and risk in the context of vulnerable immigrant families and also workshops to bring together key stakeholders in the criminal justice social service and education systems and members of the community to present the manual. The project responds directly to the Government's priority of enhancing the social integration of new immigrants and contributing to a shared sense of citizenship by reinforcing the responsibilities to abide by the criminal laws of Canada and encouraging "Canadian family values".