Annex A: List of Reports
List of annual reports, progress reports and other resources showing key indicators relating to outcomes for Indigenous peoples.
Assembly of First Nations (AFN)
Annual Report outlining key issues, activities, accomplishments and next steps.
AFN’s assessment of Government of Canada’s (GOC) progress on implementation of Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s (TRC) Calls to Action (CTA).
“The AFN requested the voices of the survivors must be reflected in the NCR’s work, and that the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UN Declaration) should be the framework for the NCR to measure government commitments.” (“Update”, p. 1)
Centre for Indigenous Policy and Research
Indigenous youth perspective. 3 main themes: “meaningful engagement”, “decolonizing UNDRIP’s implementation”, “measuring progress and looking beyond UNDRIP”
First Nations Information Governance Centre (FNIGC)
“…information about First Nations people living on reserve and in northern communities across Canada” (“Research and Information”).
Includes data surveys and research on health, education, employment.
Hotiì ts’eeda: NWT Spor Support Unit, Research and Consultation Services
“Hotıì ts’eeda’s Ełet’ànıts’eɂah ̀: Implementing UNDRIP in Health and Wellness initiative represents a starting point for ongoing conversations and action around implementing UNDRIP within healthcare provision and health research.
The knowledge shared has resulted in principles and guidelines for policy makers and researchers, that will grow and develop over time.” (“Introduction”)
“…85 examples of positive change and/or actions…” in areas of health, language and culture, Justice, etc.
Inuit Tapiriit Kanatami (ITK)
Annual Report lays out ITK’s strategies and objectives in areas of poverty reduction, closing infrastructure gap, etc.
Métis National Council
Annual Report includes description of MNC work in permanent bilateral meetings (PBM), conferences and other policy development work.
National Collaborating Centre for Indigenous Health (NCCIH)
“An in-depth review of academic, professional, and community resources has been synthesized and presented in text and table formats.” (“Introduction”)
National Indigenous Economic Development Board (NIEDB)
“The report includes three core indicators: employment; income; and, community well-being. These core indicators are examined through 13 separate measures. Additionally, five underlying indicators are considered: education; entrepreneurship and business development; governance; lands and resources; and, infrastructure, with these underlying indicators examined through 18 measures. […] The 2019 Report also for the first time includes a Gender-Based Analysis, as well as two new composite indices: the NIEDB Economic Development Index and the Infrastructure Index. This report serves to provide the most complete and robust picture of Indigenous economic well-being in Canada to date.” (“Executive Summary”)
Includes visual representation of in/completed CTAs by year(s) (page 6)
Government of Canada
Canada Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC) / National Housing Strategy (NHS)
- At a glance progress “blurbs” (page 7)
- Consultation timeline (page 10)
- Map representation of goals (page 22)
- Illustrative narratives/”real life” stories (“in their own words”)
- “Annex A: Achievements per Initiative”
- Chapter 4: Stronger Together: includes “Working with Indigenous and Northern communities”
Canadian Heritage (PCH)
Reporting on initiatives, programs, practices, funding, commitments
“The Anti-Racism Secretariat coordinates federal action, including engaging with provinces, territories, and civil society to address all forms of racism, including anti-Black racism, anti-Indigenous racism, anti-Asian racism, antisemitism, and Islamophobia. The Secretariat also leads efforts to identify systemic barriers and gaps to develop further areas for action.” (“Foreword from the Minister of Diversity and Inclusion and Youth”)
- Whole-of-government approach
- “Indigenous-focused approach” (Building Awareness and Changing Attitudes)
- Appendix giving examples of ongoing initiatives
“Recognizing the need for government action to be coordinated, an Anti-Racism Secretariat will be established to lead work across government to coordinate federal action and identify and develop further areas for action through engagement with communities and Indigenous Peoples, stakeholders, and other levels of government. (“Guiding principles”)
“Under the Universal Periodic Review, the human rights record of each country is reviewed by other United Nations Member States. This provides an opportunity for countries to discuss their domestic human rights framework as well as measures taken to promote and protect human rights in their country.” (“Introduction”)
Canadian Human Rights Commission (CHRC)
Use of “real world” stories/narrative to illustrate societal picture found in data/statistics.
Crown-Indigenous Relations and Northern Affairs Canada (CIRNAC)
CIRNA reports and other information, e.g. Sustainable development, Annual reports, departmental plan, etc.
GOC response to TRC’s 94 Calls to Action, by topic
“2020 report on the review of the implementation of S-3, the last of 3 reports mandated in S-3: An Act to amend the Indian Act, in response to the Superior Court of Quebec decision in Descheneaux c. Canada (Procureur général).” (“Message from the Minister”)
Cabinet Directive sets out roles and responsibilities of federal departments, oversight and evaluation.
“This Directive lays out an operational framework for the management of the Crown’s modern treaty obligations. It guides federal departments and agencies to fulfill their responsibilities.” (Cabinet Directive, 2015)
“…whole-of-government approach to managing Canada’s modern treaty obligations and defines the roles and responsibilities of the federal government. It establishes an operational framework for the management of the Crown’s modern treaty obligations and it requires the Government to enhance awareness, accountability, and oversight of modern treaty obligations.” (“Executive Summary”, Evaluation of the Cabinet Directive, 2020)
Whole-of-government, federal collaboration on initiatives
- Performance measurement: status indicators to measure implementation, performance indicators to measure socio-economic outcomes related to modern treaties, common objectives
- Monitoring implementation status of modern treaty obligations
- Measuring socio-economic outcomes and impacts of modern treaties
- Issue management/tracker
- Annexes with useful info, e.g. Modern treaty common objectives areas; Cabinet directive on federal approach to modern treaty implementation; Statement of principles; etc.
“With an understanding that there is no relationship more important to Canada than the one with Indigenous peoples, Canada remains dedicated to achieving a profound shift in the relationship between the Crown and First Nations, Inuit, and Métis – a relationship based on the recognition of rights, respect, cooperation, and partnership.” (“Minister’s Message”)
“…a portrait of the socio-economic circumstances of modern treaties and self-government agreements with Indigenous populations, and describes federal government initiatives that support implementation.” (“Executive summary”)
Department of Finance Canada (FIN)
On bottom half of home page, can filter by chapter and click on related measures tile to lead to relevant section of the report.
Chapter 7: Moving Forward on Reconciliation:
- 7.1 Addressing Past Harms and Discrimination Related to Indigenous Children and Families
- 7.2 Supporting Strong and Healthy Communities
- 7.3 Advancing Self-Determination and Prosperity
Chapter 8: Strong Indigenous Communities
- 8.1 Healthy and Vibrant Communities
- 8.2. Building Infrastructure and Economic Growth
- 8.3. Responding to the Tragedy of Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls
- 8.4. Walking the Path to Reconciliation and Self-determination
Various reports, including DRR, annual reports
Department of Justice Canada (DOJ)
“The Aboriginal Justice Strategy (AJS), now known as the Indigenous Justice Program, supports community-based justice programs that offer alternatives to mainstream justice processes in appropriate circumstances.”
Relatively older reports and information (2000-2009)
Reports, documents and information, including progress reports and transitional materials.
Deputy Minister’s Task Force on Reconciliation (DMTF)
- Supporting “transformational change”
Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC)
- Objectives and commitments of GOC
- “Whole-of-society” approach, i.e. FPT, municipal and Indigenous governments
Canada’s 2030 Agenda National Strategy: Moving Forward Together, Sustainable Development Goals, 2021:
- “Indigenous Peoples in Canada and around the world will engage on their own terms toward Indigenous strategies for the achievement of the 2030 Agenda. They will do so consistent with the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples and other commitments.”
- “Objective 4: Reconciliation with Indigenous Peoples and the 2030 Agenda”
- “The SDG Unit is working with other government departments and agencies to develop a Federal Implementation Plan.”
- “Through the National Strategy, the Government of Canada commits to preparing an annual, whole-of-society progress report.”
- “The SDGs are grounded in human rights principles, as is the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Together they provide a common guide for conversations among Canada’s diverse First Nations, Inuit and Métis communities and non-Indigenous people.”
- “30 actions to 2030 tracker” outlines Federal actions taken, status and progress
- Annex I proposes 30 federal actions to advance progress;
- Annex II includes mapping of goals to relevant federal departments;
- Annex III includes Canadian Indicator Framework stating goal, ambition, indicator, target
Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC)
GOC’s priorities, goals, targets and actions re Federal Sustainable Development
- Includes interactive tool
- Federal Sustainable Development Act, provides the legal framework
- 13 goals
Environmental indicators, including socio-economic. Indicators prepared by ECCC with contributions other departments.
Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO)
There are departmental indicators included in the strategy (but no annual reporting requirement attached).
Annual Reports, Departmental Plans, etc.
Global Affairs Canada (GAC)
Goals, actions, next steps
“…report on the actions taken and progress made to advance the implementation of the United Nations 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the 17 Sustainable Development Goals at home and abroad.
On July 17th, 2018, Canada presented its first Voluntary National Review report…at the United Nations High Level Political Forum in New York, which highlights how Canada is taking stock of its progress and charting a path forward.”
“In this vein, the Government of Canada has launched a review and reform process of its laws, policies and operational practices to help ensure it meets its constitutional obligations with respect to Indigenous and treaty rights, adheres to international human rights standards, including the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, and effectively implements the 94 Calls to Action of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Canada.”
Government of Canada (GOC)
Not official GOC policy, but insights are in line with UNDA:
“…professional development program co-championed by the Privy Council Office and Policy Horizons Canada. The program was designed to support the development of new public servants, and to drive a culture change within the public service. The participants were invited to use foresight, design thinking and engagement tools to explore policy issues relating to diversity and inclusion.”
Reporting guidance on horizontal initiatives. Includes links to guide and searchable databases.
“When two or more departments must work together to achieve Government objectives, Ministers may formally designate a horizontal initiative (HI). In such instances, departments received funds to work collaboratively to pursue shared outcomes. HIs have specific reporting requirements to show combined expenditures and achievement of outcomes. The objective is to provide parliamentarians and Canadians consolidated information on the HI.”
Indigenous Services (ISC)
First ISC annual report to Parliament 2020:
“The Department of Indigenous Services Act stipulates that the annual report to Parliament will describe:
- the socio-economic gaps between First Nations, Inuit, and Métis individuals and other Canadians and the measures taken by the department to reduce those gaps; and
- the progress made towards the transfer of departmental responsibilities to Indigenous organizations.”
“The pursuit of substantive equality and addressing historical disadvantage will inform Indigenous Services Canada policies and programming, as seen in such endeavors as…implementing the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.”
(“Message from the Minister”, 2020)
“The Government continues to advance work under the Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families, which came into effect on January 1, 2020. This work advances progress on the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action 1 to 5, especially Call to Action 4, as it:… contributes to the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples;” (“Child and family services”)
“…the Government introduced Bill C-15, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act. If passed by Parliament, this legislation will commit the Government to progressively aligning federal laws with the standards set out by the Declaration. In addition, it will mandate the Government to establish a National Action Plan to implement the Declaration, thereby fulfilling the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Call to Action 44.” (“Supporting
Includes Community Well-Being Index, surveys and statistics on Indigenous communities.
“…statistics and research reports about Indigenous and Northern issues conducted or supported by Indigenous Services Canada.”
“The Community Well-Being (CWB) index measures socio-economic well-being for communities across Canada over time. It has 4 components: education, labour force activity, income and housing.”
“ISC will ctively position previously approved initiatives contributing to the Government of Canada's Reconciliation agenda, responding to key elements of the Truth and Reconciliation commission and Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls National Inquiry reports, and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” (“From the Minister”, 2021-22 Departmental Plan)
“In 2019-20, ISC worked with partners to co-develop the Act respecting First Nations, Inuit and Métis children, youth and families (the Act), which came into force on January 1, 2020.
The Act: […]
- contributes to the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” (Results – Health and Social Services)
“In response to the United Nations Declaration of the Right of Indigenous Peoples and the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action, ISC continued supporting capacity to benefit service improvements, Indigenous communities and organizations capacity to exercise jurisdiction in the design, delivery and management of services.” (“Results – Indigenous Self-determined Services”)
“This statement of principles is intended to provide guidance to the Crown in right of Canada on the approach to modern treaty implementation to which it should aspire. Working towards such an approach will help to promote reconciliation.”
Natural Resources Canada (NRCan)
“To advance reconciliation, equity, diversity and inclusion, NRCan has engaged Indigenous and federal partners and promoted awareness of the Truth and Reconciliation Commission’s Calls to Action and the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples – all while strengthening our own policies on diversity and inclusion.” (“From the Minister”, 2020-21 Departmental Results Report)
“Through the Indigenous Advisory and Monitoring Committees (IAMCs) for TMX and Line 3 pipelines, relations continued to be built between the Métis Nation, First Nations, governments, the Canada Energy Regulator and proponents. IAMC created opportunities for dialogue on issues and challenges, and offered ways to work towards reconciliation and implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).” (“Results at a glance”, 2020-21 Departmental Results Report)
Office of the Auditor General of Canada (OAG)
2021 Reports of the Commissioner of the Environment and Sustainable Development to the Parliament of Canada
Privy Council Office (PCO)
“Earlier this year, we passed legislation to advance the implementation of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples.” (“From the Prime Minister, DRR 2020-21)
“Supporting the Government’s Relationship with Indigenous Peoples:
- Legislation to advance reconciliation with, and increased self-determination of, Indigenous Peoples:
- An Act respecting the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. …”
(“Results: what we achieved”, DRR 2020-21)
Tracking of GOC progress against commitments/priorities in ministerial mandate letters up to June 2019.
Includes progress and annual reports re Blueprint 2020
Whole-of-government engagement, horizontal initiatives
Public Prosecution Service of Canada (PPSC)
Public Safety Canada (PS)
Various reports that can be filtered by topic.
Statistics Canada (StatCan)
Data/stats and analysis (reports and articles) on demographics and socio-economic indicators (e.g. education, health, labour, housing, etc.)
Treasury Board of Canada Secretariat (TBS)
Expenditure Management Sector, Results Division: Guide to Departments on the Management and Reporting of Horizontal Initiatives, January 2018
Includes guidance on progress reporting and management of horizontal initiatives across government, e.g. aligning outcomes with performance indicators, coordination.
An interactive tool, transforming complex federal data into simple visual stories for Canadians
Women and Gender Equality Canada (WAGE)
Canada – Other
Canadian Broadcasting Corporation (CBC)
The site provides up-to-date status reports on each call to action, as well as extensive summaries explaining those status reports.
National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation (NCTR)
Reports include TRC report, as well as NCTR annual reports and Aboriginal Healing Foundation reports.
National Inquiry into Missing and Murdered Indigenous Women and Girls (MMIWG)
“Services and solutions must be led by Indigenous governments, organizations, and people. This is based on the self-determination and self-governance of Indigenous Peoples, as defined by United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP) …” (“Principles of Change”, Calls for Justice)
“v. UNDRIP, including recognition, protection, and support of Indigenous self-governance and self-determination, as defined by UNDRIP and by Indigenous Peoples, including that these rights are guaranteed equally to women and men, as rights protected under section 35 of the Constitution. This requires respecting and making space for Indigenous self-determination and self-governance, and the free, prior, and informed consent of Indigenous Peoples to all decision-making processes that affect them, eliminating gender discrimination in the Indian Act, and amending the Constitution to bring it into conformity with UNDRIP.” (“1.2, v., Calls For Justice For All Governments”, Calls for Justice)
National Action Plan, 2021:
Includes section on monitoring progress and data strategy
Smith, J. A., & Mitchell, T. L. (2020)
“In this article, we introduce a novel approach to monitoring compliance with the UNDRIP and human rights more generally. This work highlights the potential advantages of using a performance improvement framework to clearly identify gaps in compliance, monitor state compliance with the Declaration over time, and effectively assess and compare state compliance. We describe the development of a standardized UNDRIP compliance assessment tool and report the process and findings of a pilot test of the tool.” (“Abstract”)
Canadian Reconciliation Barometer (2022)
“The Canadian Reconciliation Barometer is an online survey that Indigenous and non-Indigenous people in Canada complete. The survey covers 13 indicators of reconciliation, with several statements representing each indicator, for a total of 64 statements.”
- Measures progress towards reconciliation
- TRC CTA 65, 53-56
- “Seven generations” Indigenous concept used as a framework for understanding intergenerational harms and healing
- Psychometric approach
- 13 indicators of Reconciliation (p. 14)
Canadian Commission for United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO)
Filter to find publications and other resources by subject, network, etc., e.g. “Indigenous languages”, “Reconciliation in Action”, etc.
Expert Mechanism for the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (EMRIP)
“The Expert Mechanism submits annual thematic studies to the Human Rights Council (HRC). Thematic studies document findings on particular topics and provide guidance and recommendations for UN member States, civil society organisations and other stakeholders.
The Expert Mechanism also produces a report each year on its annual session, and issues official reports and documents relating to the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (UNDRIP).”
Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR)
“The South African Reconciliation Barometer (SARB) is a nationally representative public opinion survey conducted by the Institute for Justice and Reconciliation (IJR) on issues of reconciliation, social cohesion and governance.”
Office of the High Commissioner for Human Right (OHCHR)
“The Special Rapporteur’s annual reports include a description of the activities carried out during the year in the framework of the mandate, and will also normally include discussion of specific themes or issues of particular relevance for the rights of indigenous peoples.”
- Human Rights Council,
- General Assembly,
- Commission on Human Rights
Canada’s input re: Canada’s initiatives to Special Rapporteur thematic report
- National research study
- Reconciliation outcomes framework
“The ARB measures attitudes towards reconciliation, using the five dimensions of reconciliation–race relations, equality and equity, unity, institutional integrirty [sic], and historical acceptance–to inform data collection and analysis.” (Summary)
The International Work Group for Indigenous Affairs (IWGIA) / European Instrument for Democracy and Human Rights (EIDHR)
“The Indigenous Navigator is a framework and set of tools for and by indigenous peoples to systematically monitor the level of recognition and implementation of their rights.”
United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs – Indigenous Peoples. State of the World’s Indigenous Peoples (SOWIP)
United Nations Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues (UNPFII)
- Statement on the 15th anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples - September 13, 2022
- Watch the video: The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples explained
- Annual Report 2022
- Statement – June 21, 2022
- Engagement and resource kit
- Fact Sheet - The United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples Act
- Declaration themes
- Watch the video: Voices on the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples
- The Declaration in action
- Bill C-15: What we learned report
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